27. November 2022

Rally Law in the Philippines

On June 5, police arrested three students, four members of activist groups, and a bystander while organizing a protest rally at a university in Cebu City, central Philippines. In Cebu, various groups held a rally in the city. One of the signs reads “Marcos Itakwil,” which means “reject Marcos” in Filipino. “It is a well-established rule that criminal laws must be interpreted strictly against the state and generously in favor of the accused,” the lawyers said in a statement. In addition to the protest in Quezon City in Metro Manila, rallies were also held in rural provinces. In Cagayan de Oro, students commemorated martial law by attending a prayer rally In the Philippines, politically motivated arrests were commonplace even before the new law was passed. Duterte`s two biggest critics in the Senate have been behind bars for more than a year. Police arrested people protesting against the anti-terrorism law, while pro-government protesters were allowed to gather. If Duterte`s track record is to be believed, the impact of the counterterrorism bill will be discouraging.

WATCH: Protesters light candles during #ML50 program at UP Diliman pic.twitter.com/zSohIqAS2h In a pre-recorded interview aired on September 13, President Marcos Jr. insisted that martial law was necessary to defend the republic against communist and armed Muslim uprisings. How “peaceful” was the martial law of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos Sr.? An unauthorized or violent assembly may be dispersed by the police under the Public Assemblies Act 1985. IN PHOTOS: Progressive groups in Cebu demanded justice for victims of martial law during a commemorative march along Osmeña Boulevard to mark the 50th anniversary of the imposition of martial law under the dictatorship of Marcos Sr. (1/2) And that`s why, in my father`s opinion at the time, it was necessary to declare martial law. Cristina Palabay of the Karapatan Human Rights Alliance accused Marcos Jr. and his government of spreading “one lie after another.” “A nation that doesn`t remember its history is doomed to repeat it, as they say,” said John Magtibay, a 22-year-old film student who protested at the University of the Philippines. Under international law, it is the duty of the State and its law enforcement agencies to facilitate the enjoyment of the right to peaceful assembly. According to the 1990 United Nations Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials: Lawyers offered to provide legal services to “defend” arrested protesters and “prosecute” those who commit unlawful arrests. As Wednesday`s anniversary approaches, documentaries and exhibitions were held to educate the public about the horrors of martial law. The lawyers said the law “does not prohibit gatherings, nor does it contain provisions allowing police to arrest people for allegedly violating the rules of mass gatherings.” After the failed coup in 2016, Turkish authorities used laws to mass arrest journalists and critics. In 2016, Turkey arrested 136 journalists, 135 of whom were accused of terrorism.

And 2019 was the first year since 2016 that Turkey was not the worst prison guard for journalists in the world, but only because it shut down more than a hundred media outlets to deplatform them. Many human rights activists were arrested in 2017, 2018 and 2019. After a court acquitted a protester of terrorism last February, he was arrested again hours later. According to Turkish government records as of July 2019, nearly 70,000 people in Turkey have been tried for terrorism and more than 150,000 have been investigated for terrorism – 119 of them were journalists and many of them militants. The Philippines is also a party to the first Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which allows individuals to apply to the Human Rights Committee if they believe that the State has violated their fundamental rights protected by the Covenant. But he said critics were “wrong” to call his father a “dictator.” – Frank Savadera (@sjfrankdennis) September 21, 2022 An Ethiopian counterterrorism law passed in 2009 mirrors Manila`s legislation: it criminalizes acts (such as writing, publishing, publishing, or disseminating statements) that would directly or indirectly “encourage” terrorism, and gives police the power to detain suspects for forty-eight hours without a warrant. For years, the law has been used to imprison peaceful political activists, opposition activists and journalists. Since the summer of 2011, at least thirty-three dissidents have been charged with terrorism. In Kafkaesque fashion, a well-known journalist was arrested as a terrorist for publishing an article criticizing the Ethiopian government`s enforcement of the law on the detention of journalists. He was sentenced to eighteen years in prison and his newspaper had to close.

Since the Philippine House of Representatives passed a new counterterrorism law on June 3, protests have rocked the Philippines. The recent conviction of Maria Ressa, a well-known journalist who covered the bloody war on drugs in the Philippines, is a chilling indication of how President Rodrigo Duterte will enforce the anti-terrorism law. As calls to scrap the law (#JunkTerrorBill) mounted, the Philippine Department of Justice announced on June 11 – the eve of the country`s Independence Day – that protest rallies had been temporarily banned. Despite threats of arrest, hundreds of people continued to protest against the law. The Anti-Terrorism Council does this. The council, made up of eight members of Duterte`s cabinet and another head of a government agency, can detain anyone for at least fourteen days without a warrant on the grounds that their proclamations or writings have incited terrorism. — Aninaw Productions (@AninawProd) September 21, 2022 Protesters in New York condemned violations of the laws of war, while Marcos Jr. addressed the United Nations General Assembly on September 20 (September 21 Philippines time).

The protest banners also include Duterte`s name, a reference to current Vice President Sara Duterte and her father, former President Rodrigo Duterte. Duterte is under investigation at the International Criminal Court for alleged crimes against humanity related to his role in enforcing the bloody “war on drugs” from 2016 to 2022. The lawyers stressed that “arrests without legal basis will be exacerbated” if the so-called rules are implemented in a way that is “discriminatory” for ordinary citizens, but not for influential people or government figures. There is still no regional human rights treaty that Southeast Asian states can accede to, although the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) issued a non-binding human rights statement in 2013. Paragraph 24 of the ASEAN Declaration of Human Rights states: “Everyone has the right to freedom of assembly.” The Philippines is a founding member of ASEAN. War rights victims and activists have described the Marcos regime as “one of the darkest periods” in the country`s history. Marcos was overthrown from power in 1986 by a bloodless “people power” revolt and the family was driven into exile. Supporters might say there is no need to worry because protest, advocacy and dissent are protected by law as long as they do not “pose a serious risk to public safety.” But who decides who foments terror or creates a serious risk to public safety? — The Varsitarian (@varsitarianust) September 21, 2022 Here are some quick facts about abusive martial law and the Marcos regime.

#NeverForget #NeverAgain #ML50 pic.twitter.com/gK9ZwOmGDZ The main right of assembly is the Public Assembly Act 1985. According to this law, permission for a public gathering (except in an approved place) must be requested five days in advance. Like many world leaders before him, Duterte now has the tools to militarize the law and systematically stifle dissent. Of course, there is always the possibility that the anti-terrorism law will not be abused to silence free speech and undermine civil liberties. After all, Indonesia passed a similar counterterrorism law in 2018 and has yet to witness mass arrests of opposition leaders, critics or journalists. — Northeastern Democratic Coalition (@NE4DemocracyPH) September 20, 2022 From a son who had seen his father suffer martial law abuses and who had seen his father imprisoned four times, I tell you: the atrocities and abuses that occurred during that time were real – no amount of misinformation can change that. His landslide victory was bolstered by a massive online disinformation campaign that ignored abuse and corruption during the dictatorship. Today, it looks a lot like 1972. Books are prohibited. Media is blocked on the Internet. Activists and revolutionaries are demonized as “terrorists.” Freedom of expression is suppressed. Peaceful demonstrations are violently dispersed.

Communities are militarized. Sign up to receive emails from Carnegie`s Democracy, Conflict and Governance program! Marcos` son is now president of the Philippines, and activists have called on him to acknowledge his family`s role in the violence.